What’s the Difference Between Arterial & Venous Insufficiency?

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Arterial Insufficiency

Topics covered in this blog

  1. What’s the Difference Between Arterial & Venous Insufficiency?
  2. What Are the Symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency?
  3. What Are the Causes of Arterial Insufficiency?
  4. What are the Symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency?
  5. Prevention of Arterial Diseases
  6. What is Venous Insufficiency
  7. What Are the Effects of Chronic Venous Insufficiency on the Body?
  8. How Does Chronic Venous Insufficiency Develop?
  9. Symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency
  10. Common Risk Factors Leading to Venous Diseases
  11. Symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency vs. Venous Insufficiency
  12. Is it possible to distinguish between arterial and venous insufficiency?

What’s the Difference Between Arterial & Venous Insufficiency?

Millions of people worldwide are affected by either arterial insufficiency or venous insufficiency. If you think you have arterial or venous insufficiency – varicose or spider veins, then it is important that you consult with your health care provider to avoid further complications from these diseases. 

Arterial insufficiency and venous insufficiency are diseases that involve blood vessels. What is the difference between arterial & venous insufficiency? Both arterial and venous insufficiency share many of the same symptoms and characteristics, but they are actually quite different. Poor circulation in the arteries causes arterial insufficiency, while venous insufficiency occurs when blood flows poorly through the veins.

Whether you suspect arterial insufficiency, venous insufficiency, or any other varicose vein condition, it is best to consult with one of our vein experts at USA Vein Clinics.

Symptoms Quiz

What is Arterial Insufficiency?

Arterial insufficiency is a condition that affects the flow of blood. It is a condition in which blood flow through your arteries slows or stops. The arteries are the vessels that transport blood from the heart to other parts of your body, and when blood doesn’t flow normally, it is a condition called arterial insufficiency.

What Are the Symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency?

  • Numbness or weakness in the legs.
  • Coldness in the lower leg or foot, especially when compared to the opposite side.
  • Legs have shiny skin.
  • In the legs or feet, there is a weak or no pulse.
  • Following certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs, you may experience painful cramps in the hips, thighs, or calf muscles.

What Are the Causes of Arterial Insufficiency?

Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is one of the most common causes of arterial insufficiency. In your arteries, plaque, a fatty material, builds up and causes them to narrow and stiffen. Consequently, your arteries have a hard time pumping blood.

It is possible for blood flow to be suddenly stopped by a blood clot. Occasionally, an emboli or blood clot forms on the plaque or travels from another place, such as the heart or another artery.

What are the Symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency?

Arterial insufficiency symptoms depend on where your arteries become narrowed:

  • You may experience frequent leg cramps when you walk if it affects the arteries that supply blood to your legs.
  • You may experience pain after eating if something affects the arteries in your belly area.
  • The condition may cause chest pain (angina pectoris) or a heart attack if it affects your heart arteries.
  • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and strokes are possible if something affects your brain arteries.

Common Risk Factors Leading to Arterial Diseases

A narrowed artery can reduce blood flow to the arms or legs, resulting in peripheral arterial disease. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) causes insufficient blood flow to the legs and arms. As a result, leg pain can occur when walking, among other symptoms.

As a result of atherosclerosis (fatty deposit buildup in arteries), peripheral artery disease occurs. Atherosclerosis can reduce blood flow in the legs and arms because of the narrowing of the arteries. Exercise, a healthy diet, and the avoidance of tobacco use are all recommended for the treatment of peripheral artery disease.

Peripheral artery disease is often associated with mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. Some people have leg pain when walking. Leg or arm cramps and muscle pain may occur during exercise and subside with rest. In most cases, the pain occurs in the calf, and it can range from mild to severe.

Peripheral artery disease can cause pain during rest or when lying down. There is a possibility that the pain will interrupt sleep. Pain may be temporarily relieved by hanging the legs over the edge of the bed or by walking.

Prevention of Arterial Diseases

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the best way to prevent leg pain caused by peripheral artery disease. The following should be kept in mind as a result:

  • Low-fat foods should be consumed.
  • Smoking should be avoided.
  • Maintain a healthy blood sugar level.
  • Be sure to exercise regularly.
  • Make sure you maintain a healthy weight.
  • Maintain a healthy blood pressure and cholesterol level.

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What is Venous Insufficiency

Chronic Venous A condition that causes swelling and changes to the skin in the leg is venous insufficiency. In a healthy body, the vein valves keep blood flowing back toward the heart.

Varicose veins, swelling, or skin color changes may occur on the affected leg. Leg ulcers can develop if the condition progresses. You might try  wearing compression stockings, elevate the legs, and moisturize the skin. 

Don’t disregard these problems. Only 10% of those who are affected seek treatment, but varicose veins don’t go away on their own. In actuality, they typically deteriorate with time. Early treatment reduces your risk of acquiring associated issues while swiftly eliminating pain and other unpleasant symptoms.

Contact us to learn everything you need to know about varicose vein symptoms, when to worry about varicose veins, and the benefits of receiving timely vein treatment.

What Are the Effects of Chronic Venous Insufficiency on the Body?

Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when blood cannot flow back up to the heart through the leg veins. Blood normally flows toward the heart through valves in the veins. A malfunctioning valve can also cause blood to flow backwards. You may experience blood pooling in your legs as a result of this. Vein disease, if left untreated, it can lead to serious consequences. Cramps and swelling in the legs can affect mobility and quality of life.

In addition, individuals with vein disease may be more likely to develop venous ulcers or deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In vein disease, venous ulcers are open, nonhealing wounds that do not heal. A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms inside the deep veins.

However, it can be painful and disabling.

How Does Chronic Venous Insufficiency Develop?

Insufficiency of the veins in the legs is caused by the following factors:

  • Long-term sitting or standing causes high blood pressure in the leg veins.
  • An insufficient amount of exercise.
  • Tobacco use.
  • In a deep vein, most often in the thigh or calf, there is a blood clot.
  • A skin-closed vein that is inflamed and swollen.

Who Is at Risk for Chronic Venous Insufficiency?

In order to be affected by this condition, you need to:

  • Overweight.
  • If you are pregnant.
  • Have a family history of the disease.
  • Injuries, surgeries, or blood clots have damaged your leg.

Symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency

The following symptoms may be caused by chronic venous insufficiency:

  • Legs or ankles are swollen.
  • Legs that are itchy, painful, or feel tight in the calves.
  • Walking pain that stops when you rest.
  • Skin that is brown, often near the ankles.
  • Vein varicosities.
  • Leg ulcers or open sores on the legs can be difficult to treat.
  • A feeling of discomfort in your legs and a desire to move them.
  • A painful leg cramp or muscle spasm.


Common Risk Factors Leading to Venous Diseases

As a result of damaged valves and backwards blood flow, venous disease affects the veins in the legs. Venous disease is associated with a number of risk factors, some of which can be controlled and some of which can’t. There are several risk factors for venous diseases, including:

  • Age: Venous disease is more likely to develop in older individuals, but it can begin in childhood as well.
  • Gender: The prevalence of venous disease is three times higher among women than among men. Furthermore, pregnant women are at a higher risk as a result of the hormonal changes they undergo.
  • Family History: Having a family history of venous disease is the number one risk factor. 
  • Blood Clots: Although blood clots dissolve, they may cause permanent damage to veins and valves.
  • Standing or Sitting for Long Periods of Time: When you stand or sit for an extended period of time, blood flows away from your legs and towards your heart.
  • Obesity: Being overweight can increase vein pressure.

Symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency vs. Venous Insufficiency

Both types primarily affect the legs, and patients typically feel pain and cramping. There may be numbness or coldness in the legs, and sores that do not heal quickly. Slow nail growth, skin discoloration, and hair loss are also symptoms.

Is it possible to distinguish between arterial and venous insufficiency? 

Despite their similar symptoms and characteristics, arterial and venous insufficiency are actually quite different. A breakdown in blood flow causes vein insufficiency, while poor circulation causes arterial insufficiency.

In addition, venous insufficiency can cause swelling near the ankles and lower legs. Insufficient blood flow through veins results in fluid accumulation, which causes swelling. hronic venous insufficiency can significantly impact your quality of life. 

 Arterial disease can also lead to dangerous complications as a result of systemic causes. It is possible for atherosclerosis to affect arteries in the heart and brain, leading to heart attacks and strokes.

Contact Us for More Information About Arterial & Venous Insufficiency

USA Vein Clinics specializes in treating venous insufficiency, and its symptoms.

You will receive detailed recommendations on which vein treatment will be most effective for you from our vein specialists. We offer safe and effective minimally invasive vein treatments.

At USA Vein Clinics, we believe that vein treatment should be easily accessible, affordable, and convenient.  We now offer 100 plus  convenient locations across 14 states. If you prefer, we also have virtual telemedicine appointments to help reduce the number of in-office visits. Vein treatment is typically covered by most major insurance plans, including Medicare and Medicaid.

You can reach us at 888.768.3467 or click here to make an appointment online. With our venous insufficiency , we will assist you in eliminating insufficiency and the painful symptoms. Contact us today.

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