According to scientific researches and findings, May-Thurner syndrome is usually induced when the left iliac vein is pressurized by the right iliac artery, which generates the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) on the left pinnacle.
During this severe condition, the prevailing right iliac artery crosses the left common iliac vein, compressing it against the spine. When the concentration gets critical, blood flow within the vein is conceded and thus that allows the clots to form.
The real cause for this developing compression is not yet known. In the course of time, these clots can break away from the vein, causing severe health-related problems and even death.
DVT is basically a blood clot that may moderately or entirely stop the blood flow through the vein. The May-Thurner syndrome is also known as the iliac vein compression syndrome.
The real cause for May-Thurner Syndrome and this developing compression is not yet known.
The following Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding the syndrome will provide you a better introspective of the ailment, steps needed to protect yourself including May-Thurner Syndrome treatment options.
What are the usual symptoms of May-Thurner syndrome?
The familiar symptoms of May–Thurner syndrome are usually noticed in the left leg, as the right iliac artery overlaps the left iliac vein. Many people are not aware of May-Thurner syndrome, or the fact that they might be diagnosed with it.
Patients who are identified with this syndrome should receive instant treatment for the below-mentioned symptoms, which include:
- pelvic pain
- pain or soreness in the legs
- the feeling of rising warmth in the legs
- redness or discoloration of the skin
- expansion of the veins in the legs
Even though DVT may not be life hampering, the blood clot has the real capability of clearing out and traversing through the bloodstream, where it can get acquainted with the blood vessels of the lung (also known as pulmonary embolism). This situation can be quite crucial for the patient who is undergoing the indisposition.
DVT often heads toward peculiar complications in the legs which can also be termed as chronic venous insufficiency (also known as a post-thrombotic syndrome). This condition can be differentiated from other syndromes by the collection of blood, acute leg swells up, developing pressure, augmented pigmentation or discoloration of the skin, and leg ulcers. These leg ulcers are also known as venous stasis ulcers.
Who is usually affected by May-Thurner syndrome?
According to the latest studies, almost two to five percent of the population that is suffering from vein disorders in their lower body parts have May-Thurner Syndrome.
The condition is usually speculated to be related essentially to a strong inborn circumstance, which may cause abnormal behavior in the adjustment of the left common iliac vein and the right common iliac artery.
This chronic case may also occur due to sudden trauma, and the tendency may gradually rise with age and severe weight gain. It has also been predicted that this acute situation is generally three times more susceptible to begin in women than in men, and as a matter of fact, originates in human beings from the early 20 years of age through the late ’40s.
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How the syndrome is effectively diagnosed?
The recent reports and medical journals have stated that May-Thurner Syndrome can only be efficiently diagnosed by imaging the lower back and pelvic area, with the help of modern methodologies which may include X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, ultrasound, and other digital procedures.
Venography is a method which is commonly used to diagnose May-Thurner Syndrome. The procedure of venography includes a special dye, which is injected into the vein, before the processing of X-ray images of the area. The dye permits the veins to show up on X-ray, thus disclosing any compressed region, as well as places of slow blood flow which can showcase the presence of a deadly clot.
How dangerous is the May-Thurner syndrome?
As the compression on the veins gets caustic, the blood flow within the vein is stagnated and clots are thereby created. The dilemma is that the blood clot can more or less pull out and traverse through the bloodstream, where it can easily accommodate in the blood vessels of the lung (also known as a pulmonary embolism).
This condition weakens the body immunity. Along with that, DVT can lead to serious issues in the legs which are also termed as chronic venous insufficiency (post-thrombotic syndrome). This condition is resembled by the assemblage of blood, crucial leg swelling, increased pressure, growing pigmentation or discoloration of the skin, and leg ulcers, also known as venous stasis ulcer.
What kind of treatment options are available?
There are various kinds of remedies available for treating May-Thurner syndrome and with the latest technologies, they are easily accessible. Most of the remedying measures used to treat May-Thurner Syndrome are focused on resolving the symptoms of and risks associated with DVT.
The most typically prescribed treatment for DVT is the administration of anticoagulants or blood thinners.
To eradicate the actual clot, the specialist may recommend a treatment option called thrombolysis. In this process, a catheter is inserted into the vein and clot-dissolving medication is directed directly to the site of the clot to disintegrate it apart.
Depending upon the patient, it may take some hours to numerous days for the clot to gradually expunge.
Pharmacomechanical thrombolysis is a more advanced and modern technique, which uses a combination of clot-dissolving drugs and a system that breaks the clot apart mechanically, so that the waste may be suctioned out.
The specialist can also advise angioplasty, in which a catheter is taken to embed a miniscule balloon into the vein. Once inserted, the balloon is gently inflated to help open the compressed area.
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At USA Vein Clinics, we take great pride in ensuring that you are confident and knowledgeable about any procedure or vein treatment option, including May-Thurner Syndrome treatment. Call us anytime with questions or come in for a full consultation and get a personalized treatment plan matched to your needs.