Veins carry blood back to the heart, and valves in the veins stop the blood from flowing backward. Venous insufficiency occurs when veins have trouble sending blood from your limbs to the heart, causing blood to pool in the legs. This condition can be caused by several different vein disorders, but it’s most often caused by either blood clots or varicose veins. Some of the most common symptoms of venous insufficiency are painful varicose or spider veins, leg pain and cramps, swelling and heaviness, restless legs and skin discoloration. If symptoms of venous insufficiency are left untreated the skin in the calf or ankle can become damaged. This result in chronic inflammation and the damage done by blood leaking out of the veins in to the skin itself. One of the most common conditions caused by leaked veins is called hyperpigmentation that develops when blood leaks in to the skin and the iron in the hemoglobin turns the affected area of the skin brown in color. Hyperpigmentation is unsightly in appearance and can be a warning for more severe skin damage. Venous insufficiency can also damage skin texture leading to lipodermatosclerosis that appears as a leathery thickening of the skin, often with skin scaling and hyperpigmentation. Some patient also develop another condition called corona plebectasia; bluish discoloration of their ankles and feet due to the engorgement of the veins in the foot. The most serious skin damage caused by venous insufficiency is venous ulcers, developing on the inside of the ankles or calf. Venous ulcers occur when the skin actually open up in to a sore as a result of fluids leaking out of the damaged vein in to the surrounding tissue leading to a breakdown of tissues and an ulcer. Unfortunately all these skin conditions are very common in patients suffering from venous insufficiency and besides their unsightly appearance are warning signs for the underlying damage and disease. But the good news is with the appropriate vein treatment these skin conditions can gradually disappear. At USA Vein Clinics we are specialized in the minimally invasive and non-surgical treatment of varicose veins. All our patients are performed as outpatient procedures and the patients can resume normal activities immediately after the treatment. All our treatments are covered by Medicare and most insurance plans.
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