Many questions are arising from different circulatory system diseases. These diseases range from mild ones to the fatal ones. Varicose veins fall into this category, but it is considered as a mild circulatory system disease.
Though it can be regarded as mild, at times it might result in discomfort due to pains and itchiness caused by it. This calls for an awareness of varicose veins and some of its causes, symptoms and possible treatments. With the use of the following Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), many queries about the varicose vein can be answered.
23% of Americans are Affected by Varicose Veins
What is the definition of a varicose vein?
Varicose veins simply refer to the type of veins that become abnormally thick, enlarged, widened, bulging and twisted. Varicose veins appear swollen and at times, they can be visible under the skin. Varicose veins are normally seen on the legs or thighs, and they are in most cases in women as compared to men. They can also appear in any part of the body.
What are some of the known causes of varicose veins?
Some of the widely known causes of varicose veins are:
Poorly functioning valves: Valves always keep blood moving up towards the heart. When the valves are not functioning well, they allow blood to back up into the vein causing it to swell. This then causes the blood to collect in the veins hence causing the varicose veins due to the swelling experienced.
Pregnancy: During this period, expectant women tend to develop varicose veins. This mostly always occurs during the first trimester. This is simply because pregnancy leads to an increase in hormonal levels as well as blood volumes which tend to cause veins to enlarge in size. Furthermore, enlarged uterus leads to an increase of pressure in the veins hence one having varicose veins.
Aging: Most elderly individuals tend to have varicose veins because blood vessels become less flexible and less elastic. This makes it hard for the walls to return to their natural shape after expanding hence making one have varicose veins.
Prolonged standing: Prolonged standing, as well as walking, places extra pressure on the veins situated on the lower limbs hence leading to varicose veins.
Genetics: Varicose veins as well may run in families. If one of your closest family members had it, there are high chances of inheriting it too.
Obesity: Being overweight increases one’s chances of having varicose veins.
Apart from these causes, there are some other predisposing factors like a leg injury, use of contraceptives, being inactive, and sex.
What are some of the signs and symptoms of varicose veins?
Here there are some of the noticeable characteristic symptoms of varicose veins:
1) Color changes on the skin
2) Discomfort, heaviness and aching legs
3) Swelling, cramping and feeling fatigue
4) Can be seen swollen, lumpy and twisted on the legs
5) Skin sores that don’t heal quickly in the affected area
Are there any other problems that are likely to be caused by varicose veins?
Some other issues that varicose veins always produce are like: varicose veins are already painful but knocking or damaging the veins may lead to bleeding
Refers to the inflammation of the veins and is often accompanied by blood clotting.
Deep vein thrombosis typically leads to varicose veins, skin damage, and blood clots.
What are the various ways that varicose veins can be treated?
There are several ways that individuals can get treated or treat themselves from varicose veins.
Self-care steps used to curb varicose veins:
- Avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time. In case it is necessary to stand or sit for long may be due to unavoidable circumstances, it is important to try moving your legs in a slight manner. By doing this, it keeps the blood flowing.
- Wearing compression stockings so that it may help your legs to move blood up towards the heart by squeezing it. These stockings decrease swelling.
- Elevating or raising the legs above your heart always. This should be done regularly.
- Doing a lot of appropriate exercises like walking and swimming. This helps in moving the blood up your legs and also enables one to keep fit.
- Losing weight in case you are overweight.
What if your conditions are severe? Is there any recommended treatment for this?
Yes, there is. These medications are used in the case of severe varicose vein conditions.
- Laser therapy: Variety of lasers are used by inserting a tiny fiber into the varicose veins. This way, strong lights are projected on the veins making them disappear.
- Sclerotherapy: The vein is injected with a chemical solution to harden the vein which later disappears.
- Bypass: This is the kind of surgery that reroutes the blood flow around the blocked vein. The blood vessel may be used to make a detour on the affected vein.
- Ablation: This is the process where a thin and flexible tube referred to as a catheter is inserted into the varicose veins to heat and destroy the vein tissue.
- Angioplasty and stenting: This procedure is undertaken to open a blocked vein. Undergoing this procedure to the end makes the varicose vein disappear
- Microphlebectomy: This is a process where small cuts are made in the leg especially near the damaged vein. The vein is then removed through one of the cuts.
In recap, varicose veins advance and get worse with time. It is important for an individual to consider taking self- care steps to help in relieving the pain and achiness experienced from this condition. Doing this as well prevents varicose veins from worsening over time.
USA Vein Clinics is regarded as one of the renowned clinics from Coast to Coast. Our doctors are trained medical professionals that are ready to help you with some of the effects of vascular and venous disease. Give us a call today and get a personalized treatment plan for your varicose veins.